THE ANGLO MANIPUR WAR 1891 AND ITS CONSEQUNCES
GHIRAI NAGA ALIAS CHIRAI THANGAL
PRINCE ANGOU SINGH SENAPATI
BIRJIT SINGH WANGKHEIRAKPA
SAMU SINGH COLONEL
CHONGTHAM MIA SINGH MAJOR
URU SINGH USURBA
CHAUBA HIDA MACHAHAL
GHUN SINGH, KONGDRAM
KUMBA SINGH, LAISHRABA
DHAJA SINGH MAYENGBA
NAM SINGH, NEPRA MACHAHAL
ANGLO MANIPUR WAR 1891 AND ITS CONSEQUNCES
The war of Independence or the
Anglo- Manipur War 1891, makes an epoch in the history of Manipur.
This historic war started initially due to the manual jealously,
dissension, distrust and discord amongst the princes of Manipur.
After the death of maharaja Chandrakirti Singh, his eldest son
Surchandra succeeded to the throne in the year 1886. Since the
ascendence of Surchandra Singh, the royal family of Manipur divided
into two factions viz., on one side Jubaraj Kullachandra,
Tikendrajit, Angousana and Zillanamba joined against the king. The
discord between the brothers had been going on for quite sometime
but was made public on September
21st,1890 (the palace revolt). Surchandra and his
three brothers rushed to Calcutta and appealed to the British Govt.
for help. In the meantime Kullachandra became the king and
became the Jubraj of Manipur. Taking advantage of the internal
dissension of the royal family, the British Government openly
interfered in the administration of
Manipur. As a matter of fact, the British Government wanted to keep
Manipur under their control from the very beginning.
They had enough time to poison the minds of the
princes by hatching a deep-roosted
controversy in order to accomplish their nefarious goal.
After an interview between
Lord Landsdowne ,
the Viceroy of India and Mr. J.W.Quinton, Chief Commissioner
of Assam on 21st
Feb. 1891, the following decisions were arrived at:-
Removal of Senapati Tikendrajit from Manipur.
Recognizing Regent Kullachandra as Maharaja and
Making known the decision by personal visit of Quinton to
The Chief Commissioner Mr. J.W. Quinton arrived
to Manipur on 22nd March, 1891 at 10 a.m. He was received
by Tikendrajit and Thangal General with a guard of honour by the
Manipuri troops. Truly speaking, Mr. Quinton’s visit to Manipur
with his misguided mission became a very important cause for the
Anglo-Manipur war, 1891. Mr. Quinton and his party led to the
massacre of their objective to capture Tikendrajit Singh. On 24th
March,1891 at 4.45 a.m. the British force suddenly attacked
the residence of Tikendrajit Jubraj. At about 8 p.m. the position of
the invading troops became critical, the Residency could not be held
much longer, and Mr. Quinton arranged and armistice and sent to
invite the Maharaja. The Maharaj replied in Bengali as “Jadi/ Astri Sastra
pheli padia’”. There was a discussion about the meaning of the
word sent by the Maharaja. They sent a letter to Tikendrajit Jubraj
and latter asked the Chief Commissioner to come for a Durbar in the
Mr. Quinton, Mr. Grimwood, Colonel Skene, Mr.
Cossins and Lieutnant Simpson, got out of the Residency with a
bugler and proceeded to the palace Durbar hall. Jubraj Tikendrajit
and the British officers discussed for half an hour. The statement
of Tikendrajit during his trial describes the situation.
Thus - “ Mr. Quinton, Mr. Grim wood, Lieutenant
Simpson and two other gentlemen then came in and held the Durbar
with Angou Mingto and myself. After the usual salute and shaking of
hands were over, I enquired about Mrs. Grimwood, and was informed of
their safety. I then said that the Chief Commissioner has acted so
unkindly, and thereby destroyed the friendship and amity which
existed heretofore. The
men were much infuriated by the hostile actions taken first by
British troops, and it was highly advisable to come to terms
and desist from further actions. The officers then expressed their
regret and said that they now wanted to go to Kohima, and there may
be no more hostility on either sides. It was then proposed by me
that unless the arms of the British troops were made over, which I
promised to have safely carried by my own coolies and delivered at
Kohima, the mere words of the Chief
Commissioner could hardly be replied on, as it appeared that
he only pretended friendship in order to gain time for further
attacks. Since he used a lot of pretences about going to Tammu, then
to Kohima, then entertain a ‘Nautch party’ than to invite me
to a durbar; while he arranged everything for my arrest. To this the
officers disagree and I, desiring to consult the ministers of
top-guard, left them with Angou Mingto”.
Then the British officers moved towards the
gate, the infuriated people attacked them. Thus, the British
officers found themselves in the gravest danger. Mr. Quinton, the
Chief Commissioner, Colonel Skene, Mr. Cossins, Lieutenant Simpson
and the bugler were beheaded by the public executioner just in front
of the two dragons by the order of Jubraj Tikendrajit Singh and
General Thangal on 24th March 1891. After this, the
Manipur troops attacked all the British outposts in Manipur. In the
northern side, two British officers of the Telegraph
Department viz. Mr. W.B. Melville, Superintendent of
Telegraph and Mr. O’Brian, a signaler also lost their lives in
connection with this out-break at Mayangkhang.
On hearing the
news, the British troops moved towards Manipur from three directions
i.e. Kohima, Kachar and Burma. Thus the sons of Manipur fought
against the British for their motherland. Many heroes like Yaiskul
Lakpa, Chinglensana, Brajabasi Paona and Mairaba etc. sacrificed
their lives. On 27th
April, 1891 the British hoisted their flag at Kangla (now the
Assam Rifles area). From this day onwards, the Manipuris were under
the direct control of the British.
After the Anglo-Manipuri
War , 1891, many persons were arrested and their cases were tried by
the British. The following Manipuris were hanged on charges of waging war against the Queen Empress of India and
abatement of murder of Mr. Quinton, the Chief Commissioner of Assam,
Colonel Skene , Commissioner of Assam, Colonel Skene, Commanding
officer 42nd Gurkha Light Infantry, Mr. St. Clair Grimwood, Indian
Civil Services, Political Agent in Manipur, Lieutenant W.H.C ossine,
Indian Civil Service, Assistant Secretary to the Chief Commissioner
martyrs were held responsible for the murder of Superintendent of
Telegraph, Assam Division, and a Signaller, Mr. O’Brien, who
accompanied him, by the Manipuri rebels at Mayangkhang, on the road
between Manipur and Kohima.
convicts who were hanged by the Britishes:-
Jubraj Tikendrajit – 13th August 1891.
General Thangal – 13th August 1891.
Niranjan Subedar – 8th June
Kajao Singh, Jamandar – 25th May 1891.
Chirai Naga of
Mayangkhang -13th October 1891.
While Jubraj Tikendrajit
and General Thangal above were publicly
hanged at Pheida Pung (present B.T. Park), the rest of the convicts
were hanged inside the jail.
Beside the 5 heroes who were hanged many more
persons were also punished for waging war against the Empress.
Name of convicts
who were transported for life:-
Kullachandra Dhaja Singh, (Ex-Regent).
Prince Angao Singh, Senapati.
Lokendrajit Birjit Singh, Wangkheirakpa.
Samu Singh Colonel alias Luwang Ningthou
Chongtham Nilamani Singh, Ayapurel Major.
Chongtham Mia Singh, Major.
Uru Singh, Usurba.
Chauba Hada, Machahal.
Ghun Singh, Kongdram.
Kumba Singh, Laisraba.
Dhaja Singh, Mayengba.
Nam Singh, Nepra, Machahal.
Trilok Singh, Nongtholba Satwal.
Dhon Singh, Sagolsemba.
Ghun Singh, Indujamba Jamadar.
Ningthouba Singh, Chingshuba.
Thaoba Singh, Phanjao Jamadar.
Tonjao Singh, Mangsatba Jamadar.
Chaobatol Singh, Heigrujamba
Paradhumba Singh, alias Ashangba
Chowkami Naga of Mayangkhang.
Gowho Naga of Mayangkhang.
Singh, the hero of the Manipur revolution of 1891, was born in 1858.
He was the son of Maharaja Chandrakirti Singh and his mother’s
name was Chongtham Chanu Kouseswari Devi.
During the reign of
his father (Maharaja Chandrakriti), he was Kotwal, Senapati (during
the period of Surachandra) and Jubraj (during the period of
Kullachandra). In his individual capacity, he deposed Surchandra
,the reigning king in the year 1890 and installed Kullachandra as
the king of Manipur. The rise of such a powerful prince in the
eastern most state of India was considered as a threat to the
British Supremacy and the Britishes decided to “chopping
the fall popy”. Lord Landsdowne
regarded this act
of indiscretion on the
part of Tikendrajit as
a great offence. It also gave an opportunity
to the British to interfere in the internal affairs of
Manipur. He determined to expel the British from Manipur and bring
back her independence. Mr. Quinton arrived in Manipur on 22nd
March, 1891and he asked the Raja to hand over Tikendrajit to him as
desired by the Governor
General of India . This led to a direct clash of arms between
the Manipuris and the British. In course of the Skirmish, which took
place in the palace campus, Quinton himself, with a number of his
officers were put to death. On receipt of this news the British
Government sent three columns of troops to Manipur from Kohima,
Silchar and Tamu. To save their motherland, the Manipuris fought
very bravely under the direction of Tikendrajit. But it was all in
vain against the superior mite and arms of the British. On 27th
April, 1891 the British occupied Manipur. Tikendrajit was arrested
and after a farcical trial by a general court-martial, he was
publicly hanged at Pheida Pung presently B.T.Park on 13th august 1891.
General Thangal was one of the most prominent
heroes of the Anglo-Manipur war 1891.The origin of Thangal is
still shredded in mystery. Though some of the naga tribes of the
Manipur claim that he was originally a Naga converted to Hindu and
absorbed into the Manipuri (Meitei) Community, Manipuri or Meitei Scholars assert that
Thangal was a Meitei. He was born in the Ningthouja clan. His
father’s name was Kangabam Kshetri Singh, and
his mother’s name was Thokchom Chanu Puinu.
He became popular since the period of Maharaja
Gambhir Singh. But during the period of Chandrakriti Maharaja,
Thangal Major was the most powerful member of the Durbar. He was
very loyal to Maharaja Chandrakriti and his sons. The posts held by him were those of
Laiphamlakpa, Nunehanjaba, Commandant of the Tooli Naha Regiment of
the Manipur Army with the rank of Manjor (Major), the highest
military rank, the Ayapural, Minister in charge of Burmese affairs,
a Minister of the Durbar and later a General etc.
He was both feared and respected by successive British
Political agents in Manipur.
However, things changed after the death of
Chandrakriti Singh in 1886. In the place revolt of 1890. Jubraj
Tikendrajit and Thangal drove out Surchandra, the reigning king and
installed Kullachandra as a new ruler of Manipur. This gave an
opportunity to the British to intervene in the affairs of Manipur
administration. The Government of India deputed Quinton and his
associates were executed.
Thangal General surrendered to the British on 7th
May 1891. A special court sentenced him to death for waging war
against the Queen and abetment of the murder of British officers. On
the evening of 13th August, 1891, he was hanged with
Tikendrajit. The bravery of General Thangal at the moment of his
hanging was vividly described by one British officer Lt. Col. Alban
Wilson in the following words: - “Tongal pretend to be too ill to
walk up the gallows, and he was carried up in a chair and placed
beneath the noose………… A
sergeant of gunners, who was executioner tapped the Thangal General
on the shoulder and said, “Now then, old man, stand up or I
can’t hang you”.
"Thangal gazed at him blankly, and then at the
interpreter who translated the remark, on which the old fellow shook
his head and roared with laughter."
The interpreter said, “Sir, the General
states he will not rise”. The Sergeant said, most persuasively ”just tell the old gentleman I’m not going to hurt him."
too, was translated but Thangal would not budge. Then ensured a
most ghastly pause, whilst a man climbed up to the top of gallows to
lengthen the rope, and when it was adjusted both criminals were
Niranjan Subadar was
a Gurkha who was in the service of the British Army. Niranjan
Subadar was the son of Daria Singh, Chetri aged 39 years of village
Tikuamoh. He was an Ex-army (Shiphai) of the 34th Native
Infantry. He left the Britishers and joined the native force of
Manipur and later appointed as Subadar by the Tikendrajit Jubraj. He
was an ex-army (Shiphai) of the 34th Native Infantry. He
left the Britishers and joined the native force of the Tikendrajit
Jubraj. He was tried by the chief Political Officer, Manipur Field
Force and was sentenced to be hanged by the neck for assisting the
Manipuris against the British. The sentence was confirmed by the
officer Commanding Manipur Field Force and the Government of India.
He was hanged on 8th June, 1891.
Pukhramba Phingang, son of Chaoba Singh of Kangamong aged 35 joined
Borachaoba Singh son of Maharaja Nara Singh in the rebellion against
Maharaja Surchandra in 1886 and was in the jail. He was released by
Jubraj Tikendrajit from jail in September 1890 and appointed as
a Jamadar. After the Durbar in the palace on the night of 24 April
speared to death Mr. Grimwood then the political Agent on the step
of the Durbar hall. He was tried by the Chief Political Officer
Manipur Field Force and was sentenced to death. He was hanged on 25th
May, 1891 at 7 a.m.
NAGA ALIAS CHIRAI THANGAL
Chirai Naga / Thangal son of Chunba of
Mayangkhang aged 30 years was put to trial by the Chief Political
Officers, Manipur Field force for
the attack and murder of the Telegraph officers at
Mayangkhang viz W.B Melville and O’Brien. On 25th
April 1891 after the execution of the 5 Britishes at Kangla a column
of Maipuri troops under the leadership of –Ashang Kut, Polia came
to Mayangkhang. When the Manipuri troops reached Myangkhang, the
villagers told that 2
British Offficers of the Telegraph Deptt. Were staying in the
Mayangkhang Dak Bunglow. When the Manipuris fired volleys of shots,
Mr.O’Brien was instantly killed but W.B.Melville escaped with his
rifle under cover of darkness.
A big search was mounted in the nearby jungle. Chirai Naga
found W.B. Melville near a stream wounded. He was killed and his
head cut off by Chirai Naga and brought to the village as a Trophy.
Chirai Naga was arrested and tried by the Political Officer
of the Manipur field Force and hanged on 13th Oct. 1891,
inside the jail.
(The Convicts who were transported for life.)
Maharaja Kulachandra Dhaja, was the son of
Maharaja Chandrakirti and Chongtham Chanu Naha Lukeswari. General
Thangal and Tikendrajit rebelled against the reigning king
Surchandra who had abdicated in favour of his half-brother
Kulachandra Dhaja. Kulachandra ascended the throne of Manipur on 23rd
Sept. 1890. By temparament he was a man of noble and mild manners.
According to Meitei Puwari “Kulachandra Singh always tried to
adjust his brothers with one another. He promised to his father
before his death that he would always be amicable with his brothers.
When he became the king of Manipur he tried to distribute the land
to the landless people.” But unfortunately with the coming of Mr.
Quinton to Manipur War broke out.
After the war of Independence 1891, Maharaja Kulachandra was
arrested on 1891,Maharaja Kulachandra was arrested on 8th
May, 1891, and was tried before a special commission under the
presidency of Lt. Col. St. John Mitchell on charge of waging war
against the Queen Empress and transported for life with forfiture of
properties. He died on 26-1-1934 at Radhakund, U.P.
Angou Sana Senapati, aged 25 years son of Maharaj Chandrakirti Singh
and Queen Haobam Chanu.
During the period of Maharaja Surchandra he was a Dolairoi Hanjaba.
According to the statement of Angou Senapati”I have been Senapati
since October 1890, i.e. about one month after Kulachandra became
Maharaja”. Angou senapati fought against the British on 24th
March, 1891, he was arrested on 18th May, 1891,by the
A Special court comprising
Lieutenant Colonel St. John Fancourt Mitchell, Asst. Adjutant
General as president,
Major Richard Kirly Ridgeway V.C. Commandant 44th
Gurkha Rifles as member and
A. W. Davis Esq. Indian Civil Service Deputy
Commissioner, Naga Hills as member was constituted for trying the
Manipur princes. Angou Sana, Senapati was tried by the special Court
from 17th to 22nd June 1891 and found him
guilty of Waging War against Queen Empress of India and abetment of
murder of Mr.Quinton, Colonel Skene, Lieutenant Simpson, Mr. Cossins
and he was sentenced to death but his sentence was later commuted to
transportation for life.
BIRJIT SINGH, WANGKHEIRAKPA
Lokendra Birjit Singh, Wangkheirakpa, son of Singh Dhaja
Senapati of Kangjeibung Mapal, aged 43 was a prominent man. He
fought against the British on 24th March 1891 and
attacked the western face of British Residency and also subsequently
fought against the British troop at Thoubal. He was arrested on 9th
July 1891 and tried by the Chief Political Officer, Manipur Field
Force. He was transported for life with forfeiture of property.
(Vide No. 1690 E. from Deputy Secretary to Government of India, to
General Officer Commanding, Manipur Field Force, dated the 20th
Samu Singh, Colonel
alias Luwang Ningthou son of Arambam Nityainanda Leikai, aged 60
years was one of the prominent officers of the Maharaja. On 24th
March 1891 when fighting went on between the British troops and
armed forces of Manipur State, he was in command of the guard at the
firing point of South Gate of the fort. He was tried by the Chief
Political Officer, Manipur Field Force and was sentenced to death on
the charge of Waging War against Queen Empress of India and abetment
of murder of British Officers. The governon General in Council
remitted the capital punishment and he was transported during the
pleasure of the Government of India, to General Officer Commanding,
Mnipur Field Force, dated the 26th june1891).
NILAMANI SINGH, AYA PUREL
Chongtham Nilamani Singh, Aya Purel Major, son of Kala
Singh of Nongthonbam Leikai, aged 55 years was in charge of Burmese
affairs (External affairs) and was in command of the Maharaja’s
bodyguard and of the citadel, after the conquest of Manipur by the
British he was arrested on 9th May, 1891. He was tried by
the Chief Political Officer, Manipur Field Force and sentenced to
death but subsequently of (Kalapani) Port Blair with forfeiture of
property. He died at Brindaban in the year 1897.
MIA SINGH MAJOR
Chongtha Mia Singh,
Major was son of Badrian of Lalambung, aged 50, Manipuri. He fought
against the British troops on 24th and 25th
march 1891 when the British troops attacked the Palace to arrest
Tikendrajit Senapati and later at thoubal as a leader of Manipur
Force. He commanded Manipuri troops at khongjom and resisted the
Advance of tamu column on 25th April 1891. He was
arrested at Thoubal. He was later tried by the chief Political
Officer, Manipur Field Force from 5th May to 12th
May 1891 and sentenced him to death for waging war against the Queen
Empress. The order was confirmed by H.Collett, Major General
Commanding, and Manipur Field Force on 12th May, 1891.
But the sentence of death was commuted to one of transportation for
life by order of Government of India. But he was released from Penal
settlement of Port Blair, Andaman, in the year 1897. In the year
1898 on 28th October he applied to the British Government
requesting for grant of Rs.100/- (Rupees one hundred) for his
maintenance. At that time he was at Radhakund, Muttra N.W.P. The
Government of India agreed to his prayer regarding the grant of
Rs.100/- (Rupees one hundred) for his maintenance also ordered to
reside anywhere in India except in Manipur. Accordingly Chongtha Mia
Singh resided at Radhakund during the last part of his life.
URU SINGH USURBA
Uru Singh, Usurba, son of Churamani Singh of
Kubo Leikai. Lalup Chingba was attached to the Top Guard. He was one
of the sentries who marched Mr.Quinton, Chief Commissioner of Assam
and other British Officers on the night of 2-3-1891 to the scene of
their murder. He was tried by the Chief Political Officer, Manipur
Field Force in May, 1891 and convicted of transportation during the
pleasure of the Government of India. (Vide Secretary to Government
of India’s No. 1653 E. dated the 18th August 1891, to
General Officer Commanding Manipur Field).
CHAUBA HIDA MACHAHAL
Chouba hida Machahal, son of Guna Singh of
village Ningombam Leikai was one of the sentries who marched the
Chief Commissioner of the sentries who marched the Chief
Commissioner of Assam and other British Officers to the scene of their murder on the night of
24th March, 1891. He was tried by the Chief Political
officer, Manipur Field Force and sentenced to death on the charge of
murder of British Officers, but commuted to transportation during
the pleasure of Government of India No. 1653 E, dated the 18th
August 1891 to the General Officer Commanding, Manipur Field Force.
Ghun Singh, Kongdram Lalupchingba son of Lilaiba
of Wangkhei, aged 50 years was one of the Sentries who marched
Mr.J.W. Quinton, Chief Commissioner of Assam and other British
Officers viz. Colonel Skene, Lieutenant Simpson, Mr. Cossins to the
scene of their murder on the night of 24th March, 1891.
He was tried by the Chief Political Officer and sentenced him to
death on 6th July 1891. But the order was later commuted
to transportation during the pleasure of the Government of India.
KUMBA SINGH, LAISHRABA
Kumba Singh, Laishram, son of Kajao of Yumnam Leikai,
aged 27 years was a Sipahi and one of the sentries who marched the
British Officers viz. Mr. J.W. Quinton, Chief Commissioner of Assam,
Col. Skene, Lieutenant Simpson Mr. Cossins to the scene of their
murder. He was tried before the Chief Political officer, Manipur
Field Force and sentenced to death. But the order was commuted to
transportment of India.
DHAJA SINGH MAYENGBA
Dhaja Singh, Mayengba
son of Dharma Singh of Mayengbam Leikai, 33 years of age was a
Sipahi and one of the sentries who marched the four British Officers
including Chief Commissioner of Assam on the night of 24th
March 1891 to the scene of their murder. He was tried by Major
Maxwell, the Chief Political officer, Manipur field Force, and
sentenced to death for the British Officers. The order was commuted
to transportation during the pleasure of Government of India.
NAM SINGH, NEPRA MACHAHAL
Nam Singh, Nepra Machahal, son of Kumba Singh of Yambem
Leikai, aged 28 years was one of the sentries who marched the four
british officers on the night of 24th March, 1891 from
the Durbar Hall to the scene of their murder. He was tried along
with other sentries by the Chief Political Officer, Manipur Field
Force and sentenced to death for the murder of British Officers. The
order of capital punishment was commuted to transportation during
the pleasure of Government of India (Vide Secretary to the
Government of India’s No.1653 E.dated the 18th August,
1891 to the General Officer Commanding, Manipur Field Force).
Trilok Singh, Nongtholba Satwal, son of Kala Singh of
Kubo Leikai, aged 60 years was Satwal or Head of Lanmis who carry
out executions. He was tried by the Chief Political Officer, Manipur
Field Force and passed order on 6th july 1891 for putting
to death on 6th july 1891 for British Officers viz, Mr.
J. W. Quinton. Chief Commissioner of Assam, Colonel Skene, Liutenant
Simpson and Mr.Cossins. The sentence was commuted to transportation
during the pleasure of the Governor General in council (Vide
Telegram to 1609 E.dated Simla the 11th August 1891 from
the Secretary to the Government of India. Foreign Department to the
Secretary to the Chief Commissioner of Assam.
Dhon Singh, Sagolsenba, son of Anindram of Khongang
Pheidekpi Makha, age 50 years was man who actually beheaded the
British Officers. Detail of the actual execution are now available
in the Manipur State Archives. Sagle Donor Singh used a” TENDONG
THANG”- a long handled sword for the execution. He stood in front
of the 2 dragons facing north while the Britishes are marched one by
one. The Britisher was in a standing position in front of the
dragons facing west while Sagolsem Dhono faced North. Two of the
Britishes was beheaded in one blow of the sword, while two Britishes
needed two blows of the sword to decapitate their heads. He was
tried by the Chief Political Officer, Manipur Field Force and
convicted of the death which sentence had been commuted to
transportation during the pleasure of the Governor General in
Ghun Singh, Indujamba, Jamadar, son of Sajouba Singh of
Sagolband aged 42 years was present when the last volleys were fired
by Nagas and Manipuris into the Mayangkhang Dak Bunglow where
Mr.O’Brien was killed. He was tried by the Chief Political
Officer, Manipur Field Force and the court was of the opinion that
he must have been present from the very beginning. Under these
circumstances he was transported for life waging war against the
Queen and murder of Signaller O’Brien of Telegraph Department
(vide No. 2093 E.dated the 22nd October, 1891, from the
Under Secretary to the Government of India, to the Chief Political
Ningthouba Singh, Chingsuba Jamadar, son of Bir Singh of
Kubo Leikai, aged 41 years was dispatched up the Kohima Road after
fighting began on 24th March, 1891 between British troops
and Manipuris to reinforce the Manipuris outposts. He was present
when the last volley was fired into the chief political officer.
Manipur Field Force and was sentenced to transportation for life on
6th September, 1891 on the charge of (1) Waging war
against the Queen and (2) Murder of Signaller O’Brien of Telegraph
Thaoba Singh Phanjao jamadar son of Angao Singh of Kabo
Leikai, aged 40 years was in Mayangkhang when Mr. O’Brien
Signaller of the Telegraph Department was killed. He was tried and
sentenced to transportation for life on the charge of (1) waging War
against the Queen and (2) Murder of
Signaller O’Brien on 25-3-1891.
Mangsataba Jamadar son of Chaotol Singh of Kabo Leikai was tried and charged with waging war against the
Queen and for the murder of Messrs Melville and O’Brien sentenced
to transportation for life.
Heigrujamba Subadar, son of Pangandong of Kongmapan, aged 62 was in
command of the party of Manipuri troops sent up the Kohima
road on 24th March, 1891. He was charged with
waging war against the Queen and for the murder of Messrs Melville
and O’Brien of Telegraph Department at Mayangkhang and sentenced
to death on 6th September. 1891 which sentence was
commuted to transportation for life.
Ashangba Khut, son of Tojanoba Singh of Wangkhei was a Havildar of
Mayangkhang outpost and was on duty on 24th, 25th and 26th
March, 1891. On receipt of orders from the maharaja of Manipur to
arrest British subjects and if they resist to kill them. He
collected Nagas from Mayangkhang village to carry out the orders
before the arrival of the Jamadars and
Subadars. He was tried before the court of the Chief
Political officer, Manipur Field Force and sentenced to
transportation for life on the charge of murder of Signaller
O’Brien of Telegraph Department.
Chokemen Nag- he was present during the attack on Mayangkhang
Bunglow when the Sinaller O’Brien was killed. He was also with
Chirai Naga when the latter killed Mr. Melville the Superintendent
of the Telegraph Department. He was tried and sentenced to
transportation for life on 7th March, 1892 on the charge
of (1) Murder of Signaller O’Brien and (2) Abetment of murder of
Mr.Melville. (Vide Secretary to the Chief Commissioner’s No. 1822
dated 23rd April, 1892).
was present during the attack on Mayangkhang
Bunglow when the Signaller O’Brien was killed. He was also with
Chirai Naga when latter killed Mr. Melville the Superintendent of
the Telegraph Department. He was tried and sentenced to
transportation for life on 7th March, 1892 on the charge
of (1) Murder of
Signaller O’Brien and (2) Abetment of Murder of Mr. Melville.
Manipur Who is Who 1891,
Manipur State Archives in 1990.